Savarin, 1977–1981
Jasper Johns, American, born 1930
Lithograph
Image: 39 3/16 × 29 1/2 in. (99.6 × 74.9 cm) Sheet: 50 × 38 in. (127 × 96.5 cm)
Museum purchase funded by the Museum Collectors

Habits of Mind

  • OBSERVE DETAILS Observe details / time to think and reflect

Making Paper

Discussion through works of art encourage how to approach ambiguous and complex ideas, thoughts, and feelings. The MFAH offers a democratic space where students and teachers can develop, practice and articulate these habits of mind. Remember that the quality of the conversation is what is important, not finding the artist’s “answer.” Slow down and take the time to make careful observations. Talk about what you notice, and try to avoid jumping to conclusions and interpretations. Be sure to give enough time for silent looking and thinking.

Curriculum Objectives

•  Research and observe changes in paper over time.

•  Test for the acid content of different kinds of paper.

•  Describe the way paper is manufactured.

•  Produce small pieces of paper.

GRADE LEVEL

4

SUBJECT AREA

Science

HABITS OF MIND

Observe Details

Connecting to the Work of Art

A coffee can filled with brushes, a subject Jasper Johns used often in his art, sits on a wooden ledge.  Behind is a design of hatching, sets of parallel lines in chevron patterns. This is a common motif in Johns’s works of the 1970s.  The red imprint of an arm at the base of the print adds a macabre touch. The initials E.M. refer to the Norwegian artist Edward Munch, who painted a self-portrait of his head and upper torso, an image Johns associates with himself.  Thus Savarin can be seen as a symbolic self-portrait, an idea reinforced by Johns’s own handprint, which is included as part of the composition.

 

The coffee can filled with brushes is the focus of the composition.  Johns contrasts the lines of the brush handles with the diagonal hatching pattern across the background of the print.  He also explores the different textures in the image.  Because the artist uses a neutral palette of grays, blacks, and whites, the red arm print at the bottom of the work stands out in sharp contrast.

 

A lithograph is a printmaking method based on the fact that grease repels water.  The artist draws on a stone or metal plate with a greasy crayon or ink.  The stone or plate is then dampened with water, which does not settle on the greasy drawing.  Then, greasy printing ink is rolled over the surface.  The ink adheres to the drawn image and is repelled by the water everywhere else.  When the stone is run through a press with a sheet of paper, the inked image is transferred.

 

Born in Augusta, Georgia, in 1930, Jasper Johns was raised in South Carolina by his grandparents.  Essentially a self-taught artist, he lived in New York where he worked as a commercial artist doing displays for store windows.

 

The first works that brought Johns to the attention of critics and curators were paintings of everyday objects, such as flags, targets, and numbers.  Johns stated,

 

In my early work I tried to hide my personality, my psychological state, my emotions… I sort of stuck to my guns for a while, but eventually it seemed like a losing battle.  Finally, one must drop the reserve.  I think that some of the changes in my work relate to that.¹

 

When Johns began to make lithographs in 1960 he stated that he wanted to see how complicated he could make the medium.  He has since experimented with a variety of techniques and has worked with a number of master printers.  Having worked with artists, musicians, and, dancers, Johns acknowledges no hierarchy within his work; prints are just are important as paintings.

 

  1. Alison de Lima Green, “Jasper Johns in the Museum Collection,” Bulletin (Houston: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Fall, 1986), p. 27.

     

     

Observations

•  Discuss paper as a fragile material.  What are the effects of exposing paper to sunlight or moisture for long periods of time?  Discuss reasons why these prints have survived. 

•  Suggest ways for a museum to preserve the works on paper in its collection.

Connecting to the Classroom

A coffee can filled with brushes, a subject Jasper Johns used often in his art, sits on a wooden ledge.  Behind is a design of hatching, sets of parallel lines in chevron patterns. This is a common motif in Johns’s works of the 1970s.  The red imprint of an arm at the base of the print adds a macabre touch. The initials E.M. refer to the Norwegian artist Edward Munch, who painted a self-portrait of his head and upper torso, an image Johns associates with himself.  Thus Savarin can be seen as a symbolic self-portrait, an idea reinforced by Johns’s own handprint, which is included as part of the composition.

The coffee can filled with brushes is the focus of the composition.  Johns contrasts the lines of the brush handles with the diagonal hatching pattern across the background of the print.  He also explores the different textures in the image.  Because the artist uses a neutral palette of grays, blacks, and whites, the red arm print at the bottom of the work stands out in sharp contrast.

A lithograph is a printmaking method based on the fact that grease repels water.  The artist draws on a stone or metal plate with a greasy crayon or ink.  The stone or plate is then dampened with water, which does not settle on the greasy drawing.  Then, greasy printing ink is rolled over the surface.  The ink adheres to the drawn image and is repelled by the water everywhere else.  When the stone is run through a press with a sheet of paper, the inked image is transferred.

Born in Augusta, Georgia, in 1930, Jasper Johns was raised in South Carolina by his grandparents.  Essentially a self-taught artist, he lived in New York where he worked as a commercial artist doing displays for store windows.

The first works that brought Johns to the attention of critics and curators were paintings of everyday objects, such as flags, targets, and numbers.  Johns stated,

In my early work I tried to hide my personality, my psychological state, my emotions… I sort of stuck to my guns for a while, but eventually it seemed like a losing battle.  Finally, one must drop the reserve.  I think that some of the changes in my work relate to that.¹

When Johns began to make lithographs in 1960 he stated that he wanted to see how complicated he could make the medium.  He has since experimented with a variety of techniques and has worked with a number of master printers.  Having worked with artists, musicians, and, dancers, Johns acknowledges no hierarchy within his work; prints are just are important as paintings.

 

  1. Alison de Lima Green, “Jasper Johns in the Museum Collection,” Bulletin (Houston: The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Fall, 1986), p. 27.

Assessment

• Divide into groups. Give each group two kinds of paper: acid free and linen free. Test the ph of each to determine which is acid free. Predict which will survive and why.

• Make paper in class.   

Resources Available to Order

The Art-To-Go lending library features materials that may easily be integrated across the K–12 curriculum. Resources include DVDs, music CDs, children’s books, study guides, poster sets, and collection-based interpretive materials produced by the KFEC. Educators, community leaders, and docents from throughout Texas are welcome to borrow Art-To-Go resources. To place your order, search the online catalogue and add the selected items to your basket. After you have reviewed your basket, submit the order electronically.


The Learning Through Art program at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, is underwritten by:

Mercantil Commercebank

The Learning Through Art curriculum website is made possible in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.