from the series A Sense of Common Ground / Ajoh Achot and Achol Manyen, Sudanese Refugee Camp, Lokichoggio, Kenya, 1992, printed 2016
Fazal Sheikh, American, born 1965
Inkjet print
Image: 24 7/16 × 18 15/16 in. (62.1 × 48.1 cm) Sheet: 35 15/16 × 26 1/8 in. (91.3 × 66.3 cm)
Museum purchase funded by Jane P. Watkins

Habits of Mind

  • UNDERSTAND BIAS Understand assumption and various points of view / empathy
  • SYNTHESIZE Analyze and synthesize relationships and information / compare and contrast / understand the micro and macro implications

Homelands and Histories: Photographs by Fazal Sheikh

Discussion through works of art encourage how to approach ambiguous and complex ideas, thoughts, and feelings. The MFAH offers a democratic space where students and teachers can develop, practice and articulate these habits of mind. Remember that the quality of the conversation is what is important, not finding the artist’s “answer.” Slow down and take the time to make careful observations. Talk about what you notice, and try to avoid jumping to conclusions and interpretations. Be sure to give enough time for silent looking and thinking.











Understand Bias


Connecting to the Work of Art

Photographer Fazal Sheikh has captured the lives of marginalized and displaced communities around the world for more than twenty years. Sheikh was born in New York in 1965.  His father was Kenyan and his mother American. Sheikh’s exploration of his personal and familial history often informs his approach to engaging with communities in order to tell their stories.


Ajoh Achot and Anchol Manyen depicts two Sudanese refugees at a refugee camp in Lokichogio, Kenya. They both look directly into the camera, transfixing the viewer. The facial expression of the figure on the left is plaintive, while the expression of the figure on the right is attentive as she stands with her hand pressed gently upon her chest.                      


The town Lokichogio is located in the Northwest region of Kenya and lies less than 20 miles from Sudan. Because of its proximity to the Kenya-Sudan border, it became a refuge for many Sudanese emigrants who were forced to flee their homeland as a result of conflicts that arose from the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-1995). In the summer of 1992, approximately 25,000 Sudanese emigrants sought refuge in Kenya. Achot and Manyen would have been just two of thousands of refugees that made the arduous journey from Sudan to Kenya. The ensuing refugee crisis brought many of international photojournalists into Kenya to document refugee camps for various media outlets. Sheikh recalls the feeling of his encounter with these photojournalists: "I remembered watching them working and feeling a sense of unease, an inability to follow along and make the expected photographs." The “expected photographs” Sheikh refers to are the sensationalized and often exploitative representations of refugee communities in mainstream media that treat these civilians as hapless victims deserving of pity.


Sheikh, however, humanizes his subjects in his sensitively rendered portraits. He spends extended periods of time with the communities he photographs to build a strong rapport and familiarity with his subjects. Behind each portrait, the artist has established a relationship and consensus with all the individuals involved. His collaborative photographic practice is rooted in a profound empathy that reveals a rare intimacy between subject and photographer. By collaborating with his subjects, Sheikh recognizes their agency and provides space for moments of self-possession that they are often denied in mass-media depictions.


Ajoh Achot and Anchol Manyen is taken from the series A Sense of Common Ground, a body of work that Sheikh produced from 1991-1994 which documents Sudanese, Ethiopian, and Somali refugees at camps in Kenya and Mozambican camps in Malawi. During his travels, he considered photography as a tool that enabled him to relate to others and sought a pared down style that captured the individuality of his sitters. This method of working and the resulting style would become the foundation of Sheikh’s later work with marginalized communities around the world.


In his later work, beginning with the series, The Victor Weeps, Sheikh includes personal testimonies from his sitters in which they speak of their lives. He saw a need for “text to elaborate on the message of a photograph.” However, this photograph was taken before the introduction of personal testimonies in Sheikh's work and does not include narratives from the subjects. But despite the absence of an accompanying testimony, Sheikh's sincere portrayal dutifully announces Achot and Manyen’s presence. The direct, black-and-white portrait of the pair in natural lighting reduces the distraction of extraneous detail in the photograph and invites a careful contemplation of their personhood. They are not defined by the tragic circumstances in which they find themselves; they are more than the dispossession and geographical displacement that has altered their lives. Achot and Manyen stand dignified and distinct before Sheikh’s camera in an affirmation of their humanity.

Conversation Starters

What is the significance of naming the subjects in the photograph as opposed to referring to them as ‘Sudanese refugees’?

Resources Available to Order

The Art-To-Go lending library features materials that may easily be integrated across the K–12 curriculum. Resources include DVDs, music CDs, children’s books, study guides, poster sets, and collection-based interpretive materials produced by the KFEC. Educators, community leaders, and docents from throughout Texas are welcome to borrow Art-To-Go resources. To place your order, search the online catalogue and add the selected items to your basket. After you have reviewed your basket, submit the order electronically.

The Learning Through Art program at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, is underwritten by:

Mercantil Commercebank

The Learning Through Art curriculum website is made possible in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.