Sheerness as seen from the Nore, 1808
British
Oil on canvas
Canvas: 41 1/8 × 58 7/8 in. (104.5 × 149.6 cm)
Museum purchase funded by the Alice Pratt Brown Museum Fund, the Brown Foundation Accessions Endowment Fund, Isabel B. and Wallace S. Wilson, The Brown Foundation, Inc., and Ann Trammell

Habits of Mind

  • OVERCOME FEAR Overcome fear of ambiguity / fear of failure or being wrong / fear of the unknown

GRADE LEVEL

  • 8

SUBJECT AREA

  • Science

Turner Meets Google Earth

Discussion through works of art encourage how to approach ambiguous and complex ideas, thoughts, and feelings. The MFAH offers a democratic space where students and teachers can develop, practice and articulate these habits of mind. Remember that the quality of the conversation is what is important, not finding the artist’s “answer.” Slow down and take the time to make careful observations. Talk about what you notice, and try to avoid jumping to conclusions and interpretations. Be sure to give enough time for silent looking and thinking.

Resources

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Assessment

  • Observe the work of art, from a geographical viewpoint:
    • Use google earth to locate the Thames and Midway Rivers
    • Locate Sheerness and the Nore anchorage
    • What geographical features contribute to the Nore being used as an anchorage?
    • Why do art historians conclude that Turner probably viewed this scene from a small boat? Using the map, where do you think Turner could have been positioned? Support your answer with evidence from the work of art and google earth.
  • Assume the role of a meteorologist giving a weather report. Describe the weather for the town of Sheerness, as if you were reporting from the moment captured in this painting. The report should include specific climatic interactions such as:
    • The sun provides energy that drives convection in the atmosphere and oceans. How does this influence wind and waves?
    • How do global patterns influence atmospheric movement?  Show evidence of this in the painting, referring to high and low pressures and fronts. 

Subject Matter

Conversation

Work of Art

Joseph Mallord William Turner is generally regarded as one of the most important landscape painters of the 19th century. He began his career at the British Royal Academy of Art at the age of fourteen. There he discovered his talent for landscape. He became a full member of the Academy by the age of 29 and later a professor. Although he is commonly known for his oil paintings, he is considered one of the great masters of British watercolor painting. Turner was successful early on, selling enough work to financially secure his future, thereby allowing him to travel and attempt new painting styles. As he grew older, Turner became reclusive and eccentric, which is evident in his later style, in which form becomes less recognizable and color and mood dominate.

Sheerness as Seen from the Nore depicts a scene as viewed from the great Nore anchorage for naval and merchant ships at the confluence of the Thames and Medway Rivers. The sun rises majestically over the scene, lighting the brilliant sky and swirling clouds with bursting colors of yellow, gray, and gold. The dark tonality of the work is contrasted by the animated sea, where each rolling crest and trough of the ocean rocks the boats. Standing guard in the background, an old man-o-war ship is silhouetted against the dawn. The early sunlight spreads across the distant shoreline to the Kentish town of Sheerness. A small fishing boat in the right forefront of the painting looks as if it is going to be swallowed by the turbulent swells of the ocean. Turner probably viewed this scene from a small boat, similar to the one in the painting, allowing him to create the picture from a low viewpoint and adding to its overall feeling of immediacy.

Early on, Turner was greatly influenced by the seascapes and landscapes of 17th-century Dutch artists and the Italianate landscapes by artists such as Claude Lorrain (1604–1682). His first oils, such as Sheerness as Seen from the Nore, are somber in color, but reveal his preoccupation with the vivid effects of light, weather, and sky. English art critic John Ruskin described Turner as the artist who could most “stirringly and truthfully measure the moods of nature.” His distinctive style of painting, using watercolor technique with oil paints, allowed him to create lightness, fluency, and ephemeral effects. He achieved this by saturating the canvas with wet paint and applying layers upon layers of pigment while working frenziedly to produce form.

In 1805 Napoleon Bonaparte declared war on England. On October 21 of that same year, the British Royal Navy won the most significant naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars, the Battle of Trafalgar, which dramatically confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the 18th century and ended any possible threat of invasion by France.

Although England won the battle, the country lost its most important war hero, Admiral Horatio Nelson. Along with all of England, Turner mourned this loss and traveled to the town of Sheerness to pay respects to Nelson’s remains aboard his ship the HMS Victory, which was initially docked on the Nore. Here Turner made several composites of the scene and the anchored ship, making reference to the HMS Victory and the revered Admiral Nelson.


The Learning Through Art program is endowed by Melvyn and Cyvia Wolff.

The Learning Through Art curriculum website is made possible in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

All Learning and Interpretation programs at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, receive endowment income from funds provided by the Louise Jarrett Moran Bequest; Caroline Wiess Law; the William Randolph Hearst Foundation; The National Endowment for the Humanities; the Fondren Foundation; BMC Software, Inc.; the Wallace Foundation; the Neal Myers and Ken Black Children’s Art Fund; the Favrot Fund; and Gifts in honor of Beth Schneider